- June 25, 2022
- Oppenheimer & Co.
Update 6/10/2022: The SEC files enforcement actions against Michael Mooney, Britt Wright and Penny Flippen.
Lawsuits target Horizon Private Equity and John Woods Ponzi scheme.
The Wolper Law Firm has filed several arbitration claims with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) on behalf of victims of the alleged Ponzi scheme perpetrated by John Woods, a former Financial Adviser at Oppenheimer & Co., Inc. The claims seek damages for clients who were victimized through the Horizon Private Equity, III Fund.
The allegedly fraudulent fund was created by Woods while employed by Oppenheimer and sold to Oppenheimer clients. The aggregate losses incurred by investors are believed to be more than $110 million.
In August 2021, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) brought the Ponzi scheme to an abrupt halt when it filed its enforcement action in the Northern District of Georgia. The SEC Complaint criticized both the misconduct and John Woods’ utilization of his platform at Oppenheimer to solicit clients.
As the SEC action has moved forward, the recovery efforts by the court appointed receiver have been discouraging, signaling that the assets were depleted. While the receiver is working hard to recover assets, as the saying goes, she can not squeeze blood from a stone.
Attorney Matthew Wolper is aggressively representing clients who lost their retirement savings when they were misled by Woods, who convinced them they would reap a significant return, with little risk, on their investment in the Horizon Fund.
Claims Against Oppenheimer
The claims filed by Wolper Law Firm state that John Woods engaged in the unlawful practice of “selling away” for nearly ten years while employed and registered with Oppenheimer, in violation of FINRA Rules 3270 and 3280. “Selling away” means a broker solicits clients to purchase securities not officially offered or held by the executing brokerage firm and for which due diligence has not been completed.
The arbitrations remain pending.
While at Oppenheimer, Woods made virtually no effort to hide his misconduct from management and utilized myriad resources and personnel at Oppenheimer to facilitate the Ponzi scheme. Woods lured hundreds of clients (many of whom were account holders at Oppenheimer) to invest in a fraudulent fund he created in 2007 called the Horizon Private Equity, III, LLC. The Horizon Fund was neither approved nor vetted by Oppenheimer, but clients were told and/or led to believe that it was an Oppenheimer-sponsored product. They trusted the Oppenheimer brand.
John Woods and other Oppenheimer registered cohorts—James Woods (John Woods’ brother), Michael Mooney (John Woods’ cousin), and others — helped solicit, pitch or administer the Horizon Fund while employed by Oppenheimer.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Enforcement Action
As rumor of John Woods’ activity spread and the scheme threatened to unravel, the SEC launched an investigation and filed an enforcement action.
The SEC complaint reads, in relevant part:
John Woods has been running a massive Ponzi scheme for over a decade. As of the end of July 2021, investors in the Ponzi scheme were owed over $110,000,000 in principal. There are more than 400 investors, residing in at least 20 different states, who currently hold investments in the Ponzi scheme, which goes by the name Horizon Private Equity III, LLC (“Horizon”). Many of the victims are elderly retirees….
Woods told the Institutional Investment Adviser [Oppenheimer] that Southport, through his brother [James Woods], had recommended that his customers invest in Horizon, and he disclaimed any financial or other interest in Horizon or Southport when asked. The Brother did, in fact solicit Southport clients to invest in Horizon, but during the early stages of the Ponzi scheme many investors were referred through the Institutional Investment Adviser [Oppenheimer].
In 2016, the Institutional Investment Adviser [Oppenheimer] became concerned that Woods was involved in an undisclosed outside business activity, as described in more detail below, and it ultimately asked Woods to resign.
What Is the Horizon Private Equity, III and Who Is John Woods?
John Woods has worked in the securities industry since 1989 and started his career at Lehman Brothers. In 1991, Woods began working for CIBC World Markets Corp. which, through acquisition, eventually became part of Oppenheimer & Co., Inc. From 2003 through December 2016, Woods was a dually registered Financial Advisor and Investment Advisor at Oppenheimer and worked out of their Atlanta branch office.
The seeds for the Horizon Fund were planted in 2006 when, according to publicly available records in the State of Georgia, Woods formed Horizon Private Equity, III LLC and two other iterations of the fund while working at Oppenheimer. He did not initially disclose his involvement in the Horizon Fund to Oppenheimer and, hence, Horizon and the other two funds were “undisclosed” Outside Business Activities (and Outside Securities Activities) of Woods. A reasonable examination or audit by Oppenheimer would have uncovered Woods’ affiliation with these.
The Purchase of Southport Capital
In 2008, Woods surreptitiously purchased Southport Capital from a third party to grow the Horizon Fund – this while he was registered and maintaining his business at Oppenheimer. Woods did this as an Outside Business Activity or Outside Securities Activity, although the records of this purchase are publicly available. Again, a reasonable examination or audit by Oppenheimer would have uncovered Woods’ affiliation with Southport.
Oppenheimer has a non-delegable duty to supervise the Outside Business Activities and Private Securities Transactions of its registered representatives, including the Oppenheimer Employed Horizon Fund Facilitators. In addition to FINRA Rule 3110 (supervision) and its progeny, Notice to Members 01-79 discusses the imposition by brokerages of “preventative compliance” to address selling away and ensure that registered representatives, like John Woods and the Oppenheimer Employed Horizon Fund Facilitators, are not wearing multiple hats and misleading investors into fraudulent securities.
Between 2008-2016, John Woods and the Oppenheimer Employed Horizon Fund Facilitators solicited hundreds of clients to invest in the Horizon Fund, totaling between $110 million and $150 million in assets, and perhaps more. Many of the client meetings occurred at the opulent Oppenheimer branch office in Atlanta. This strategy was clearly designed to impress prospective clients.
Sometimes the initial contact was made by John Woods, and at other times it was made by James Woods or Mooney. Eventually, clients met with John Woods prior to investing in the Horizon Fund. At some point, John Woods established a small “satellite” office for the Horizon Fund in the same building as Oppenheimer’s Atlanta branch office. Oppenheimer management purportedly knew (or should have known) about the Horizon Fund branch office because John Woods regularly shuttled between the two offices during regular working hours.
When presenting the Horizon Fund to prospective investors, John Woods and/or one of the Oppenheimer Employed Horizon Fund Facilitators described it as a “fixed income” investment that paid a dividend of 6%-7%. Clients were told it could be as high as 8%. John Woods compared the Horizon Fund to an “annuity,” with the distinction that investors could receive a return of their principal, within 30 or 90 days, without any surrender charge. John Woods and the Oppenheimer Employed Horizon Fund Facilitators assured investors that the Horizon Fund was “safe” and carried very little risk because of the high-quality collateral within the fund and further stated that there was no way investors could lose money. For retirees looking for a stable, fixed return, the Horizon Fund appeared to be an attractive investment opportunity.
Oppenheimer Didn’t Report Compliance Failures
By December 2016, the Horizon Fund had raised significant assets from Oppenheimer customers, Southport Capital customers and entities abroad — believed to be close to or more than $100 million. The Horizon Fund eventually became too large for Oppenheimer to ignore and the nexus to John Woods was clear and unmistakable. Instead of self-reporting its compliance failures and notifying the regulators and customers of John Woods’ misconduct, Oppenheimer allowed John Woods to “resign” instead of terminating him for cause, which saved both Oppenheimer and John Woods from having to report the sales practice misconduct on John Woods’ Form U-5.
By failing to accurately report the reasons for this employment separation (which is a regulatory violation by Oppenheimer), it failed to put the investment public on notice of sales practice misconduct and potential fraud. Had it not been for Oppenheimer’s reporting misconduct, tens of millions of dollars in investor capital could have been preserved.
John Woods simply packed his bags and transitioned to Southport Capital, which he already owned. The claimant, who was generally unaware of this change in employment, was told that it would have no impact on his investment relationship or the Horizon Fund. From 2016-2021, John Woods openly operated as the CEO of Southport and continued raising capital for the Horizon Fund.
Wolper Law Firm Helps Victims of the Woods’ Ponzi Scheme
The Wolper Law Firm represents investors nationwide in securities litigation and arbitration on a contingency fee basis. Matt Wolper, the Managing Principal of the Wolper Law Firm, is a trial lawyer who has handled hundreds of securities cases during his career involving a wide range of products, strategies, and securities. Prior to , he was a partner with a national law firm, where he represented some of the largest banks and brokerage firms in the world in securities matters.
The Wolper Law Firm is continuing to investigate additional claims arising out of the $110 million Ponzi scheme orchestrated by John J. Woods and his investment advisory firm, Livingston Group Asset Management d/b/a Southport Capital (the fund known as Horizon Private Equity, III, LLC.) If you or a loved one has lost your investment in the Horizon Fund or through any other suspected investment fraud, our law firm may be able to help. Please reach out to us at (866) 814-4939 or by email at email@example.com.